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Little Mountain Homeopathy

Classical homeopath in Vancouver, BC, Canada. Award-winning holistic natural health practitioner.

Fitness & Sports

Homeopathy for Bikram Yoga

As an experienced homeopath who has reaped the benefits of Bikram Yoga for many years, I would like to share some holistic and homeopathic tips that will help Bikram/hot yoga enthusiasts with their yoga practice.

Balancing Electrolytes

This is one of the most common problems encountered with Bikram Yoga practitioners. The intense heat and sweating can lead to an imbalance of electrolytes, which can then lead to dizziness, nausea, tiredness and/or headache.

2010_06_KombuchaIt is now trendy to sell coconut water in Bikram Yoga studios. Drinking a can or bottle of good quality coconut water before, during or after practice will balance electrolytes. Personally, I enjoy drinking a bottle of kombucha during practice, which contains natural probiotics, naturally detoxes the body, and balances out electrolytes.

HYL-10682-0Having a pinch of sea salt after practice can also help balance electrolytes, but I also recommend taking homeopathic cell salts. I recommend the Hyland’s brand Bio-XII (aka Bioplasma), a blend of all 12 homeopathic cell salts. Before class, take 6 pellets in a clean dry mouth without water, or the pellets can be put in your water bottle that you take with you into yoga class, and sipped during your practice. If feeling a bit depleted a few hours after your class, another 6 pellets of Bio-XII can be taken.

Headache, Nausea and/or Dizziness from Overheating

vertigo-newMost practitioners of Bikram Yoga have experienced headache, nausea and/or dizziness at some point during their practice. Usually headache, nausea and dizziness can be avoided by drinking plenty of water before, during, and after practice, along with also ensuring to balance electrolytes (see above suggestions). I also feel that one is more prone to headache, nausea and dizziness when one is new to Bikram Yoga, before the body has gotten used to doing yoga in hot conditions. Once you start coming regularly, your body becomes used to the heat and will be less susceptible to nausea, dizziness and headache.

Taking a cool shower at the studio or after returning home will help to cool down your body and can help relieve symptoms of nausea, dizziness and headache. If you are really feeling like you need to leave the yoga room at any point during your practice, please listen to your intuition and do so. Of course it is always best to stay in the yoga room if you can (you can lie down and rest at any point during your practice for as long as you need to).

If you are drinking enough water and are balancing electrolytes but are still suffering from a headache, homeopathic remedies can help. Glonoinum 30C and Belladonna 30C or 200C are the main remedies for headache after overheating.

headachePeople needing the remedy Belladonna will typically have dilated pupils and a red face, whereas people needing Glonoinum would have contracted pupils, a pale face and low pulse. A person with a Belladonna headache is better from bending the head backward, worse in the open air and better from holding the head still; whereas a person needing Glonoinum is worse from bending the head backward, relieved in open air and cannot keep still.

Nux Vomica 30C is the first remedy to think of for persistent nausea after overexertion/overheating. The nausea may also be accompanied by an intense headache.

Cocculus 30C is the first remedy to think of if there is nausea accompanied by vertigo (dizziness). There may also be a feeling of lightheadedness.

Dosage for Headache, Nausea and Dizziness: Give 1 dose every 20-30 minutes for up to 3 doses. Repeat thereafter only after symptoms return. Try a new remedy if there is no relief within 15 minutes after the 3rd dose.

Yoga Injuries from Overstretching

stk62884cor_XSMany people go to yoga to help them heal from injuries. Note that yoga combined with homeopathic first aid remedies will help the body heal naturally from injuries.

However, people can occasionally injure themselves by overstretching and pushing themselves too hard in the yoga poses. Please try not to push yourself too hard, or let an overzealous teacher push you too hard, otherwise you do risk injuring yourself.

The first remedy to take after injury due to overstretching of the ligaments and tendons is Arnica 30C or 200C, but only if there is a lot of swelling. Arnica Cream can also be used topically. Once the swelling has improved, switch to one of the two remedies below:

Rhus Tox 30C is the most common remedy for injuries from overstretching. The pain is worse after initial motion, but improves after continued motion.

Bryonia 30C should be used if the pain is worse by any motion whatsoever.

Dosage for Yoga Injuries: Take the indicated remedy every 3 hours for the first 2 days, then twice a day after that. Discontinue after the pain decreases significantly.

Commonsense Measures: Rest, elevate the injured part, ice the affected area, and apply firm pressure to the injured part. After 1-2 days, switch to warm compresses, or continue using ice if preferred.

Homeopathic First Aid Kit

Red poppies

Click here to purchase Homeopathic Kits

This kit (no longer for sale) is suitable for the layperson as a basic homeopathic first aid kit. It also contains remedies that are useful in acute situations, such as diarrhea or food poisoning, coughs and colds, bladder infections, hangovers and more. These remedies are equally useful for adults and children.

For chronic health conditions we advise you to consult a classical homeopath. For serious emergencies, please go to the hospital or see your MD.

The Basic First Aid Kit contains the following 17 remedies made by Homeocan, in a durable and portable case:

Aconite, Apis, Arnica, Arsenicum Album, Belladonna, Bryonia, Cantharis, Chamomilla, Gelsemium, Hypericum, Ledum, Mercurius, Nux vomica, Pulsatilla, Rhus tox., Ruta, Symphytum

Most remedies are supplied in the 30C potency except for Arnica, Aconite, and Belladonna which are supplied in the 200C potency. Symphytum is supplied in the 6C potency.

Also included in the kit are one 25 gram container of Calendula Cream and and one 15 ml bottle of Phytogargle (containing phytolacca and calendula).

*This kit is no longer available for online purchase*
Click here to purchase Helios Homeopathic Kits

This is the #1 remedy to think of if the person is in mental/emotional shock due to a fright or injury.
It is also a useful remedy for the beginning stages of an acute illness, such an earache, sore throat, urinary tract infection, fever or any other illness that comes on suddenly with great intensity. Symptoms of Aconite begin after a short exposure to cold or after experiences of sudden fright, anger, or shock.

The #1 remedy to think of for bee stings, insect bites, and hives.
It is also a useful remedy for any type of acute inflammation that is characterized by stinging and burning, redness and swelling, and aggravation from heat – such as sore throats, hives, conjunctivitis, and styes.

One of the most frequently used homeopathic remedies. After any injury, give one dose of Arnica first, wait 15-30 minutes, then give another first aid remedy if indicated.
Arnica is the #1 remedy for bruising due to impacts or falls. It is also a good remedy for shock due to injury.

Arsenicum Album
The #1 remedy for food poisoning and diarrhea. People needing this remedy are very weak, restless, and fearful.
This is also a useful remedy for fevers where there is a lot of restlessness or anxiety, or for colds with a burning nasal discharge, restlessness and fearfulness.

This remedy is useful at the beginning of many acute illnesses, such as fevers, headaches, influenza, earaches, teething problems, swollen glands, and sore throats/tonsillitis.
This remedy is needed if the illness has a sudden, intense onset. The person will also be very aggressive and may try to bite or strike out. The affected part will be red, hot, and the pain is throbbing.

One of the main remedies for strains, sprains, and injuries to the ligaments or tendons. With this remedy, the pain is always worsened by motion.
This remedy is also useful for a number of acute illnesses, where the person is worse by any kind of movement. Coughs that respond to Bryonia are dry and so painful that the person may have to put their hand to their chest every time they cough. The fevers of Bryonia come on slowly and the person is very thirsty for water. The headaches of Bryonia are worse from any type of motion.

Calendula Cream
Apply this cream topically to speed the healing of cuts and abrasions. This cream will also soothe burns, eczema, psoriasis and other skin complaints.

The #1 remedy for bladder infections. With Cantharis bladder infections there is burning pain with an intolerable urge to urinate, but the person is only able to pass a few drops of urine at a time.
This remedy can also be used for burns, when there is violent burning pain and blisters.

The #1 remedy for teething. Chamomilla is a very common children’s remedy, but it can also be useful for adults. This remedy can be used for many types of painful conditions including teething, fevers, diarrhea, colic, and earaches. People needing Chamomilla are usually very irritable because they are in a lot of pain. They are highly sensitive to the pain and are very angry, quarrelsome and snappish.

The #1 remedy for the flu. Also the #1 remedy for stage fright, exam nerves, and fear of public speaking. People needing Gelsemium are very weak with lack of energy. It is also useful for fevers with lots of drowsiness and drooping eyelids. Gelsemium is also a useful remedy for headaches with lots of heaviness and drowsiness.

The #1 remedy for nerve pain. People needing this remedy often have injuries caused by a puncture wound, causing shooting pain. For puncture wounds without shooting pain, use Ledum. This remedy is also useful for nerve pain after dental work. For injuries to the tips of fingers and toes or the base of spine, also think of Hypericum.

The #1 remedy for animal bites and puncture wounds. This remedy prevents infection. If the infection has progressed and there is shooting pain, use Hypericum. It is also a useful remedy for insect stings and bites when the wound is cold to the touch, unlike Apis where the wound is very hot.
This remedy is also useful for old bruises that Arnica has failed to completely remove.

This remedy is frequently indicated in acute complaints where there is inflammation of the skin and mucus membranes along with pus formation. People needing Mercurius may have eye infections with discharges of thick pus, ear infections with a thick discharge from the ear, sore throats with pus formation and sometimes open sores, and skin infections such as boils or herpes. There is increased salivation and sweating, foul smelling breath, and intense thirst.

Nux Vomica
#1 remedy for hangovers. This remedy can also be helpful for digestive problems after overindulging in food or drink. It is also a useful remedy for nausea during pregnancy.

A gargle to be used with sore throats or cuts and abrasions caused by dental surgery or oral problems. Soothes and accelerates the healing process.

A very common remedy for acute complaints, especially for women and children. It is good for a variety of complaints including earaches, eye complaints, colds, flus, fevers, and digestive complaints. People needing Pulsatilla are very weepy and emotional, and crave sympathy and attention. They are better in the open air, worse in a hot environment, and have no thirst.

Rhus Toxicodendron
#1 remedy for strains and sprains of muscles and tendons. Rhus tox injuries are worse when first beginning to move, then the injury is much improved from continued motion and worse when keeping still.
This remedy is also useful for respiratory complaints that are worse from cold and damp. People needing this remedy are very restless and find it hard to keep still.
It is also a useful remedy for hives and itching skin eruptions in the form of blisters that are red, inflamed, and ooze pus or fluid. This is an excellent remedy for poison ivy or poison oak.

#1 remedy for injuries to the cartilages, tendons, outer covering of bones and ligaments. This remedy has a special affinity for injuries to the knees, elbows, and wrists. Ruta is also useful for injuries to the eye due to over-use or strain.

Use after Arnica to help heal bone fractures. This is a great remedy to use when the bone seems slow to repair itself. Also useful for injuries to the eyeball with a blunt object or injury to the bone around the eye. Dosage: Take 3 times per day for two weeks to one month as necessary.

Homeopathic Remedy Dosage for First Aid and Acutes
Dissolve 1-2 pellets of the remedy under the tongue. Take dry, half an hour away from food or drink. Give every half hour for three doses. If the problem does not improve at all, you have probably selected the wrong remedy. If the problem improves but still persists, continue giving the remedy 3 times per day for a few more days until recovery is complete.


Homeopathic First Aid for Injuries & Accidents

Also refer to my article “Homeopathic Remedies Reduce Outdoor Worries” in the Georgia Straight

Homeopathic remedies can be used for a variety of first aid health complaints, including injuries. Whether the injury is from an accident, playing sports, physical strain or another type of vigorous physical activity, it’s time to reach for your Homeopathic First Aid Kit.

Cuts and Scrapes

Apply direct pressure on the wound to stop the bleeding, then wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water. Apply Calendula Cream before covering the wound with a bandage. Repeat application with the Calendula Cream 3-4 times per day.

Additionally, homeopathic Calendula 30C can also be taken 2-3 times per day.

See an MD if there is much redness, swelling or pus buildup around the wound, if there are red streaks extending from around the wound, or if fever has occurred.


Apply ice packs to the injured part for 30 minutes to reduce swelling.

Arnica 30C or 200C is the main remedy for bruising. For minor bruising, take 2-3 times per day. For more severe bruising, take every hour the first day, then 3 times per day on subsequent days. Discontinue dosing after bruising improves.

Take Ledum 30C if the bruise feels cold and numb, or if Arnica has stopped helping. Ledum 30C is also the remedy of choice for a black eye. Take 3 times per day.

For bruising of the bones, take Ruta 30C. This remedy is indicated for bruising of the shin, kneecap, or elbow. Take 3 times per day.

Puncture Wounds

After being wounded by a sharp, foreign object, clean the wound with soap and water. Then, soak the wounded part in warm water for 15 minutes three times per day to speed healing. Cover the wound with a bandage if there is an opening in the skin. Apply Calendula Cream before covering the wound with a bandage. Repeat application with the Calendula Cream 3-4 times per day.

Ledum 30c is the most common remedy for puncture wounds.

Give Apis 30C instead of Ledum if there is a lot of heat and swelling.

Hypericum 30C should instead be given if there are sharp, shooting pains.

For knife wounds, given Staphysagria 30C, along with seeking medical attention.

For puncture wounds, give one of the above remedies 3-4 times per day.

Strains and Sprains: Injuries to the Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons

Rest the injured part, apply an ice pack to the injured area, wrap a bandage around the injured part, and keep the injured part elevated.

Apply Arnica Gel to the injured part twice per day. Additionally, the following homeopathic remedies can be taken internally:

Arnica 30C or 200C is usually the first remedy to take after a strain or sprain. This remedy is indicated if there is bruising, swelling and inflammation.

Once the swelling and bruising has improved, you may want to switch to another indicated remedy, listed below:

Rhus Tox 30c is one of the most frequently indicated remedies after a strain or sprain. The pain and stiffness are worse on first motion, and are better upon continued movement. This remedy is commonly indicated after overlifting or physical overexertion.

Bryonia 30C if motion makes the injury worse, and the only way to relieve the pain is to keep the injured part very still.

Try Ruta 6C or 30C if the injury is close to the bone. This remedy is useful for injuries to the wrists or ankles, and for tennis elbow.

Strontium Carbonicum 6C is a good remedy to try for ankle sprains that have not responded to other remedies, or for recurrent ankle sprains.

Give one of the above indicated remedies 3 times per day for up to 3 weeks.

Fractures (Broken Bones)

After medical attention has been sought, the following remedies can speed healing:

Arnica 30C or 200C should be the first remedy given after a fracture. It will help with bruising, swelling and tenderness.

Eupatorium Perfoliatum 30C should be given instead of Arnica if there is not much bruising or swelling, or it can be given after Arnica.

Give the above remedies 3X per day.

After the initial pain and swelling have diminished, give Symphytum 6C, 3 times per day for 2-3 weeks.

Bryonia 30C is a useful remedy for broken ribs. Give a dose or two of Arnica first, then give Bryonia 3X per day.

Nerve Injuries

For injuries to the nerves, such as fingers and toes, give Hypericum 30C three times per day. Also apply Arnica Gel to the injured area.

Rest, elevate, and ice the injured part.

Head Injuries & Whiplash

Arnica 30C or 200C should be the first remedy given if there is bleeding, bruising, pain and shock. Give a dose every hour for 5-6 doses.

Hypericum 12C or 30C is the most useful remedy for whiplash. Give one dose daily for up to three weeks.

Natrum Sulphuricum 200C is useful for head injuries that have not responded completely to Arnica, or for people who have never been well since a head injury. Give 3 doses only, spaced 8 hours apart.


Those who are experiencing chronic pain, or have never been well since an injury, require constitutional homeopathic treatment. Contact the clinic to book an appointment for a chronic health condition, or book an acute appointment online for help with an acute first aid condition.

Homeopathy for Injuries: The Research

Scientific Studies Prove that Homeopathy is Effective Treatment for all Types of Injuries

Schneider C, Schneider B, Hanisch J, van Haselen R. “The role of a homoeopathic preparation compared with conventional therapy in the treatment of injuries: an observational cohort study.” Complement Ther Med. 2008 Feb;16(1):22-7.

The researchers in this study set out to compare the effectiveness of a homeopathic combination product (Traumeel) with conventional medical treatment ,for injuries. 125 people suffering from various musculoskeletal injuries were treated either with the homeopathic combination or conventional medicine and were assessed for resolution of the complaint at the end of the trial period. At this point, the 59.4% of the group receiving the homeopathic combination had complete resolution compared with 57.8% of the group treated with conventional medicine. 6.3% of the latter group experienced adverse reactions to the treatment and none of those on the homeopathic combination experienced side effect

Alibeu JP, Jobert J. Aconite in Post-Operative Pain and Agitation in Children, Pediatrie, 1990, 45, 7-8, 465-6.

In this double blind placebo controlled trial, 50 children suffering from post-operative pain and agitation were given either Aconite or placebo. The effects of Aconite were significantly better than placebo.

Barnes J., Resch K-L., Ernst E. Homoeopathy for Post-Operative Ileus: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 1997, Dec, 25, 4, 628- 633.

7 separate trials examining the effects of homoeopathic treatment for post-operative ileus after abdominal or gynaecological surgery when compared with placebo, specifically, for the time to first flatus after surgery. Subsequent analysis showed that homoeopathy provided superior results to placebo.

Chapman EH, Weintraub RJ, Milburn MA, Pirozzo TO, Woo E. “Homoeopathic Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.”Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation, 14, 6, December 1999, 521-42.

In a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial involving 60 subjects and a 4 month follow-up period, homoeopathy provided significant improvement in parameters using measures such as “Difficulty with Situations”, “Symptoms Rating Scale” and a “Participation in Daily Activities” scale.

Chapman EH. “Homeopathic treatment of patients with persistent mild traumatic brain injury.” British Homeopathic Journal,2000, 89, Suppl 1,S60.

In a randomised, placebo-controlled trial, 50 people with persistent mild traumatic brain injury were treated either with their constitutional homeopathic remedy or placebo. The homeopathic treatment provided superior results to those from the placebo control.

Harrison RE, Burge TS, et al. “Homoeopathic Treatment of Burn Scars.” British Homoeopathic Journal, October 1993, 82, 252-254.

4 people suffering from hypertrophic scarring subsequent to burns were treated with homeopathic Graphites for 3 months. All 4 subjects were relieved of these symptoms. No controls were used for comparison

Hill N, Stam C, Tuinder S, van Haselen RA. “A Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial investigating the efficacy of a Homoeopathic After-Bite Gel for Reducing Mosquito bite induced Erythema.” Eur J Pharmacol, 1995, 49, 103-108.

68 people were bitten at least 3 times by mosquitoes. One of the bites was treated with an after-bite gel containing homoeopathic ingredients, another of the bites was treated with a placebo gel, and the third bite remained untreated. Erythema associated with the bites was measured before and regularly after treatment at all of the bite sites and the subjects rated the degree of pruritis experienced at the sites. The active gel provided results that were significantly superior to the placebo or no treatment.

Hostanska, Katarina , Matthias Rostock, Joerg Melzer, Stephan Baumgartner and Reinhard Saller. “A homeopathic remedy from arnica, marigold, St. John’s wort and comfrey accelerates in vitro wound scratch closure of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts.” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:100.

Background: Drugs of plant origin such as Arnica montana, Calendula officinalis or Hypericum perforatum have been frequently used to promote wound healing. While their effect on wound healing using preparations at pharmacological concentrations was supported by several in vitro and clinical studies, investigations of herbal homeopathic remedies on wound healing process are rare. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a commercial low potency homeopathic remedy Similasan® Arnica plus Spray on wound closure in a controlled, blind trial in vitro.
Methods: We investigated the effect of an ethanolic preparation composed of equal parts of Arnica montana4x, Calendula officinalis 4x, Hypericum perforatum 4x and Symphytum officinale 6x (0712–2), its succussed hydroalcoholic solvent (0712–1) and unsuccussed solvent (0712–3) on NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Cell viability was determined by WST-1 assay, cell growth using BrdU uptake, cell migration by chemotaxis assay and wound closure by CytoSelect ™Wound Healing Assay Kit which generated a defined “wound field”. All assays were performed in three independent controlled experiments.
Results: None of the three substances affected cell viability and none showed a stimulating effect on cell proliferation. Preparation (0712–2) exerted a stimulating effect on fibroblast migration (31.9%) vs 14.7% with succussed solvent (0712–1) at 1:100 dilutions (p < 0.001). Unsuccussed solvent (0712–3) had no influence on cell migration (6.3%; p > 0.05). Preparation (0712–2) at a dilution of 1:100 promoted in vitro wound closure by 59.5% and differed significantly (p < 0.001) from succussed solvent (0712–1), which caused 22.1% wound closure.
Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the low potency homeopathic remedy (0712–2) exerted in vitrowound closure potential in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. This effect resulted from stimulation of fibroblasts motility rather than of their mitosis.

Jeffrey SL, Belcher HJ. “Use of Arnica to Relieve Pain after Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery.” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 2002, Mar-Apr, 8, 2, 66-8.

37 patients who had undergone carpal tunnel release surgery were given a combination of Arnica tablets and Arnica ointment or placebo. After 2 weeks of therapy, the group using Arnica reported a significant reduction in pain.

Karow JH, Abt HP, Fröhling M, Ackermann H. “Efficacy of Arnica montana D4 for Healing of Wounds after Hallux valgus Surgery compared to Diclofenac.” J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;14(1):17-25.

In this randomised, double-blinded, parallel group study, 88 people who were recovering from foot surgery were randomly assigned to receive either Arnica 4X at a rate of 10 pilules 3 times daily or Diclofenac 50mg 3 times daily. Both therapies were used for 4 days following the surgery. At day 4, subjects were assessed for their postoperative irritation, mobility, pain level, and their use of analgesics. Analysis of the results at this point showed that Arnica and Diclofenac provided the same level of reduction in wound irritation (including swelling) and mobility. Subjective assessment by patients rated Arnica as superior to Diclofenac for mobility. Diclofenac was superior to Arnica for pain reduction and there was no significant difference in analgesic use during the 4 days following surgery. It was also noted in the study that Arnica was 60% cheaper than Diclofenac.

Oberbaum M, Schreiber R, Rosenthal C, Itzchaki M. “Homeopathic Treatment in Emergency Medicine, a case series.” Homeopathy, 2003, 92, 44-47.

In this study, 15 people suffering from orthopaedic trauma were treated in a medical centre with homoeopathy, in addition to standard medical treatment. Treatment was commenced 24 hours after admission. All patients initially received homeopathic Arnica 200C and anxiety was treated with Aconite, Opium, Ignatia or Arsenicum album, all in 200C potency. 24 hours following this treatment, the majority of patients reported a reduction in pain and anxiety. 48 hours after admission, patients were treated with individualised homoeopathic remedies. At discharge, 67% of patients rated the homoeopathic treatment as successful.

Robertson A, Suryanarayanan R, Banerjee A “Homeopathic Arnica montana for post-tonsillectomy analgesia: a randomised placebo control trial.” Homeopathy. 2007 January, 96, 1, 17-21.

In this trial, 190 people undergoing tonsillectomy were randomly assigned to receive Arnica 30C or a placebo at a dose rate of 2 tablets 6 times in the first post-operative day and then 2 tablets twice a day for the next 7 days. On a patient-assessed 14 days post-operative visual analogue scale for pain, those given the Arnica 30C were found to have a statistically significant decrease in pain scores compared to placebo.

Schmidt CA. “Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial: Arnica montana Applied Topically to Subcutaneous Mechanical Injuries.” Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy, Winter 1996, 89, 4, 186- 193.

In this trial 141 runners were asked to use topical preparations containing placebo, Arnica 1X or Arnica 6C, and to rate the effectiveness of the preparations at relieving post-exercise muscle soreness. The preparation containing Arnica provided superior results to placebo and the preparation containing Arnica 1X was reported to be superior to that containing Arnica 6C.

Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, et al. Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in face-lifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006 Jan-Feb, 8, 1, 54-9.

In this trial, 29 people who were undergoing facelifts were randomised to receive either perioperative homeopathic arnica, or placebo. They were examined post-operatively for bruising at days 1, 5, 7 and 10. Assessment done at days 1 and 7 showed a signification reduction in bruising when compared to placebo.

Tuten C, McLung J. “Reducing Muscle Soreness with Arnica Montana.” Alternative and Complementary Therapies, December 1999, 5, 6, 369- 372.

23 people were given either placebo or Arnica 6X for the management of delayed onset muscle soreness after exercise. Outcomes were assessed subjectively by the participants themselves, and by creatinine kinase (CK) assays. CK levels are indicative of muscle or connective tissue damage. While there was only a small subjective difference between the 2 groups, the people using Arnica 6X produced less CK than those using placebo, which tends to indicate that those using Arnica experienced less tissue damage on exertion.

Tveiten D,  Bruset S, Borchgrevink CFS, Norsch J. “Arnica and Muscle Soreness.” Focus on Alternative and Complementary Medicine (FACT), 1998, 3 (4), 155-156.

46 competitors in the 3 day 1995 Oslo marathon were randomly assigned either homeopathic Arnica or placebo twice daily and assessed for muscle soreness after the event. Those using Arnica found significant relief with the medicine over the placebo.

Tveiten D, Bruset S. “Effect of Arnica D30 in marathon runners. Pooled results from two double-blind placebo controlled studies.” Homeopathy. 2003 Oct;92(4):187-9.

In this study combing the effects of two clinical trials on homeopathic Arnica D30 (30X), the homoeopathic remedy was compared to placebo in 82 Oslo marathon runners for muscle enzymes, electrolytes and creatinine (indicating cell damage) and the subjective control of muscular soreness. Those runners taking Arnica experienced less muscle soreness when compared to placebo, but there was no difference between both groups for muscle enzymes, electrolytes and creatinine.

Wolf M, Tamaschke C, Mayer W, Heger M. “Efficacy of Arnica in varicose vein surgery: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study.” Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2003 Oct;10(5):242-7.

In this trial homeopathic Arnica D12 (12X) was compared to placebo, to determine its effect on the size and pain of bruising after surgery. Arnica was used once prior to surgery and then 3 times a day for 2 weeks after surgery. 60 people participated in the trial and on completion it was found that Arnica reduced the size of the bruising by 76% compared to 72% for placebo and pain was reduced by 43% from arnica and by 28% from the placebo.

Zell J, Connert WG, Mau J, Feuerstake G. “Treatment of Acute Sprains of the Ankle.” Biological Therapy, 7, 1, 1989, 106.

Under double blind placebo controlled trial conditions, patients using an ointment containing  homoeopathic ingredients for soft tissue injury found significant relief with the medicine when compared to the effects of placebo.

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